• Every seafarer has the right to decent working and living conditions on board the ship Prior to the introduction of the MLC, most flag States required “crew agreements” that set out the most important conditions of employment. The flag State had to approve the crew agreements before they were implemented by the ship, but a document was sufficient for the entire crew, signed by individuals upon boarding and exiting the ship. With the introduction of MLC, all that has changed. The MLC sets minimum requirements for almost all aspects of seafarers` working conditions – in fact, a “Bill of Rights”. In addition, signature items on Red Ensign-flagged vessels became obsolete when the MLC came into effect. Thus, any seafarer working on a commercial yacht must now have a Maritime Employment Contract (SEA) approved by the flag State. • Every seafarer has the right to health protection, medical care, social protection measures and other forms of social protection. The MLC regulations stipulate: • Every seafarer has the right to a safe workstation that meets the safety standards Any seafarer working on a UK maritime vessel subject to the minimum requirements of MLC must have a written SEA with another person concerning the seafarer`s work on a ship containing at least the information set out in Annex 1 of the MLC Minimum Requirement for Commercial Navigation (Maritime Labour Convention) (Minimum Requirements for seafarers.) The MLC Minimum Requirements Regulations 2014 require that each seafarer on a ship for which he or she is applying to have an individual seafarer`s employment contract (an “SEA”). • Every seafarer has the right to fair conditions of employment In all cases, both the seafarer and the shipowner must have copies of the SEA signed by all parties concerned when a seafarer is not directly employed by the shipowner, but with a third party (e.g. B a personnel agency), the employer must be a contracting party to the SEA.
In such cases, the shipowner (or an agent of the shipowner) must also sign the agreement to ensure that the shipowner fulfils all the employer`s obligations to the seafarer under the ITA under Parts 1 and 2 of Annex 1 to this CONVENTION if the employer does not comply with these obligations. The `model seafarer`s employment contract for an employed seafarer` (see Annex 2 to this MGN) therefore provides that the employer and the shipowner as well as the seafarer are to sign the SEA. . . .